The Essential Brunswik:
Beginnings, Explications, Applications

Kenneth R. Hammond and Thomas R. Stewart, editors
Oxford University Press

2001

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction
Part I.

Beginnings: The Grand Ideas Introduced

1

The organism and the causal texture of the environment [1935] \ Edward C. Tolman and Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: A meeting of minds \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

2

Psychology as a science of objective relations [1937] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Introducing a new psychology from Vienna \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

3

Organismic achievement and environmental probability [1943] \ Egon Brunswik"

COMMENT: On Center Stage \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

4

Distal focussing of perception–Size constancy in a representative sample of situations [1944] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Representative Design in Action – in the Middle of the Twentieth Century \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

5

Points of view: Components of psychological theorizing [1946] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Brunswik as Philosopher of Science \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

6

Discussion: Remarks on functionalism in perception [1949] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Thinking About Error and Errors About Thinking \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

7

Representative design and probabilistic theory in a functional psychology [1955] and In defense of probabilistic functionalism: A reply [1955] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Explaining to the Nobility \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINTS

Part II.

Explications: Iconoclasm at Work

A. Demonstrations of a new methodology: Representative design

8

Probability learning of perceptual cues in the establishment of a weight illusion [1951] \ Egon Brunswik and Hans Herma

COMMENT: Probability learning, or partial reinforcement? \ Mats Bjorkman

REPRINT

9

Thing constancy as measured by correlation coefficients [1940] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: To know an experimenter \ Elke Kurz and Ralph Hertwig

REPRINT

10

Probability as a determiner of rat behavior [1939] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Demonstrations for learning psychologists
"While God may not Gamble, Animals and Humans Do" \ Michael Doherty

REPRINT

11

Ecological cue-validity of "proximity" and of other Gestalt factors [1953] \ Egon Brunswik and Joe Kamiya

COMMENT: Demonstrations for Gestalt Psychologists: Psychology Without a Subject \ Michael Doherty

REPRINT

B.

Demonstrations of a comprehensive theory

12

The Conceptual Framework of Psychology [1952] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Then and Now \ Ray W. Cooksey

13

Survival in a world of probable objects [1957] \ James J. Gibson

COMMENT: Gibson’s Review of Brunswik \ Alex Kirlik

COMMENT: Comment on Gibson’s Review of Brunswik and Kirlik's review of Gibson \ Ray W. Cooksey

REPRINT OF GIBSON

C.

Final thoughts

14

"Ratiomorphic" models of perception and thinking [1955] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: "Perception" versus "Thinking": Brunswikian Thought on Central Responses and Processes \ William M. Goldstein and John H. Wright

REPRINT

REPRINTED COMMENTS: Robert Leeper and Gardner Murphy

15

Perception and the representative design of psychological experiments [1956] \ Egon Brunswik

EDITORS' NOTE

REPRINTED EXCERPT: Pages 89-93.

16

Ontogenetic and other developmental parallels to the history of science [1959] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Finding a place in history: some reflections on a talk given by Egon Brunswik \ Alexander J. Wearing

REPRINT

17

Historical and thematic relations of psychology to other sciences [1956] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: The emergence of psychology as a unique science \ Ray W. Cooksey

REPRINT

18

Scope and aspects of the cognitive problem [1957] \ Egon Brunswik

COMMENT: Last words \ Kenneth R. Hammond

REPRINT

Part III.

Applications

A.

Theoretical and methodological contributions to psychology

19

The Contribution of Representative Design to Calibration Research \ Michael E. Doherty, Gregory L. Brake, and Gernot D. Kleiter

20

Assessing Self-Insight via Policy Capturing and Cognitive Feedback \ Michael E. Doherty and Barbara A. Reilly

21

Judgment analysis\ R. James Holzworth

22

Brunswik’s Theoretical and Methodological Contributions to Research in Interpersonal Perception \ Linda Albright and Thomas E. Malloy

23

Hierarchical Linear Models for the Nomothetic Aggregation of Idiographic Descriptions of Judgment \ Stephen G. Schilling and James H. Hogge

24

Vicarious Functioning Reconsidered: A Fast and Frugal Lens Model \ Gerd Gigerenzer and Elke M. Kurz

25

Multiple Cue Probability Learning \ R. James Holzworth

26

Brunswik and Moral Psychology \ Bo Earle

27

The Lens Model Equation \ Thomas R. Stewart

B.

Overviews of applications to substantive problems

28

The Realistic Accuracy Model and Brunswik’s Approach to Social Judgment \ David Funder

29

Application of the Lens Model to the Evaluation of Professional Performance \ James H. Hogge

30

Brunswik and Medical Science \ Robert S. Wigton

31

The Perception and Judgment of Rapport \ John Gillis and Frank Bernieri

32

The Relationship between Strategy and Achievement as the Basic Unit of Group Functioning \ John Rohrbaugh

33

Brunswikian Research on Social Perception, Interpersonal Learning and Conflict, and Negotiation \ Jeryl L. Mumpower

34

Understanding the Effects of Psychiatric Drugs on Social Judgment \ John Gillis

35

Human Factors \ Alex Kirlik

36

Representative Design: Cognitive Science From A Brunswikian Perspective \ Peter Juslin

C.

Examples of current Brunswikian research and application

37

Assessing the Reliability of Judgments \ James H. Hogge and Stephen G. Schilling

38

Vicarious Functioning in Teams \ Leonard Adelman, DeVere Henderson, & Sheryl Miller

39

Probabilistic Functioning and Cognitive Aging \ Gerard Chasseigne and Etienne Mullet

40

A Brunswikian Approach to Emotional Communication in Music Performance \ Patrik N. Juslin

41

An Application of the Lens Model to Guidance and Counseling of Adolescents \ María Teresa Muñoz Sastre and Ludovic Duponchelle

42

How Probabilistic Functionalism Advances Evolutionary Psychology \ Kenneth R. Hammond

43

Brunswik and Quality of Life: A Brief Note \ C.R.B. Joyce

Part IV.

Brunswik: The man and his ideas

44

Ideas in exile: The Struggles of an Upright Man \ Gerd Gigerenzer

45

Egon Brunswik Before and After Emigration: A Study in the History of Science \ Mitchell G. Ash

46

Expansion of Egon Brunswik’s Psychology, 1955-1995 \ Kenneth R. Hammond

47

Notes from Berkeley, 1938;1945 - 48 \ Kenneth R. Hammond

48

Notes from a student in Vienna \ Ruth Bussey

Epilog

Complete, annotated list of Brunswik’s published papers

References

Index


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